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2. Select words which will obviously make a difference in the passage's meaning, but which seem ambiguous or unclear. But: One needs to be realistic about his or her limitations in this area. To do this on your own you might include all or most of the following. (cf Php 3:14-note). For instance, the English word "run" can have many meanings. Every saint should seek to become competent in doing basic Bible word studies. He is always worth checking, but remember that he is a "commentary" so be an Acts 17:11 Berean. Like individual pieces of a puzzle, words bring the larger picture to life. A good commentary should give you an explanation for any significant word in the verse you are studying. . Using the Septuagint (Lxx), Girdlestone explains the relation of the Hebrew word to the corresponding Greek word in the NT. In Greek, emphasis can be given to words, phrases, or clauses by placing them at the beginning of a sentence (and sometimes at the end) in contrast to the normal word order of subject, verb, and object. To be sure performing accurate Greek word studies does some practice and careful attention to the context. The grammatical function of a word in a phrase or sentence often helps determine its meaning. 5. λύτρον: Plutarch, Pomp. Robertson's comment on "redemption" suggests that prior to being redeemed we were "slaves". E.g., enter the Greek word charis which is usually translated grace and you retrieve 13 matches because charis is translated into several English words and Vine discusses the meaning of charis as it relates to each word. It reads literally, "Of God we are fellow workers. A very complete tool for the Old Testament is the Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament, edited by R. L. Harris, G. L. Archer, Jr., and B. K. Waltke (2 vols. This study resource helps in understanding the origins and root meaning of the ancient language. The Greek word--whether written in the letters of the Greek alphabet or transliterated into English letters--may appear in either its contextual form or its lexical form. G. HOW TO USE LEXICONS AND WORD STUDY BOOKS. They fit together to form a story or a paragraph in a letter (i.e., the big picture). Luke 18:7f; deliverance or release from torture, Hebrews 11:35. To be dressed is one thing, but to be dressed up is special. Contrary to widespread opinion, one need not have a mastery of Greek in order to ascertain the meaning of the important words in a text of Scripture. STEP 6: Look up the verse in two or three good commentaries. Can you form various categories of usage's (especially separating literal and metaphorical usage's, if appropriate). For example, the biblical word "holy" is not derived from the English word "healthy" and therefore "holy" in its etymology does not mean being spiritually healthy. Which of these possible meanings is most appropriate for the word in the context of your verse? The chapter context answers the question; see. I am with you in spirit " (Colossians 2:5). Case (can be nominative, accusative, genitive, dative, or, vocative) Number (can be singular or plural) Gender (can. Concordance Studies - A third way to find out the meaning of a word in a particular verse is to do a concordance study. If there is an entry in the Baker's Evangelical Dictionary (and there is one for Redeem, Redemption) it is an excellent resource. Not knowing the meaning of certain words in a passage of Scripture can be compared to the frustrating discovery that you don’t have all the pieces to your puzzle. In exegesis it is especially important to remember that words function in a context. Until you know the meaning of certain words, you will not be able to grasp the meaning of the whole passage. They point to means (through or by), position (in, out, over, under, etc. One of my favorite Spurgeon quotes related to the Word of God - It is blessed to eat into the very soul of the Bible until, at last, you come to talk in scriptural language, and your spirit is flavored with the words of the Lord, so that your blood is 'bibline' and the very essence of the Bible flows from you. λύτρον ), [in LXX (Septuagint): Da  Daniel 4:30 c *;], release effected by payment of ransom, redemption, deliverance; metaph., Hebrews 11:35; of deliverance thr. For example, "You laid aside the old self ... and (you) have put on the new self" (Colossians 3:9-10). IV. It will build a background of understanding in one's mind as well as develop "biblical theology" in one's mind. Nor riches of earth could have saved my poor soul; d. For other examples of synonyms see Unger, Principles of Expository Preaching, pp. The immediate context. In the alphabetical list below select R and then Redemption for a discussion of the differences between apolytrosis, katallage and hilasmos. Broadcast = casting seeds widely (originally). "Let the peace of Christ rule ... and be thankful" (Colossians 3:15). (Note that Strong's is based on the KJV). Clauses are either dependent or independent. ii., p. 178); ἡμέραἀπολυτρώσεως , the last day, when consummate liberation is experienced from the sin still lingering even in the regenerate, and from all the ills and troubles of this life, ; in the same sense the word is apparently to be taken in. (Note that Young's is based on the KJV.). "Do not lie to one another, since you laid aside the old self" (Colossians 3:9). Even the busy Christian worker should to a study like this on an important word from time to time. book § 17)). But in Job 21:3b "you" is singular and so he is speaking to Zophar. Read (or sing) the words of two of Fanny Crosby's hymns below: Redeemed, how I love to proclaim it! Concessive: "Even though I am absent in body . (various publishers). E.g., 629 [apolytrosis/apolutrosis] yields 12 results. 2) Note that although you do look up the word in English, the English is not keyed to a single Bible version. Context clues also provide helpful hints. The parts of speech refer to the function of words in a sentence. 102-8. ", STEP 7: CHECK VINCENT'S NEW TESTAMENT WORD STUDIES. 5. Vine writes that apolutrosis is... a strengthened form of No. The Septuagint (i.e. Since we must depend on English concordances, a few things need to be kept in mind. Kinds of Clauses and Sentences - Indicate which kind of dependent clauses are in these complex sentences (whether Causal, Concessive, Conditional, Comparative, Purpose, Result, Temporal). Find more Greek words at wordhippo.com! The answer is the latter because the phrase "of God" in Greek is in the genitive (possessive) case. (Caution) A biblical word should not be explained on the basis of its English etymology. Who was the master? Are you beginning to get a better understanding of what redemption means? Israel's national release from oppression by many enemies. B. For example, in Titus 2:2,6 the Greek "sophronein" occurs. How do the parts of speech help in Bible hermeneutics? Annihilationists assert that eternal punishment (Matt. The antecedent of the pronoun "he" in Daniel 9:27 is "the prince who is to come" (in v. 26), not the Messiah. other ways in which this term could be translated. (Often this is not too significant, but this area may need to be researched if it is a particularly rare word. Here is a second principle to avoid word study fallacy. N.B. To Him be the glory, both now and to the day of eternity. (Step 6), Insights from Definition of the English Word in Usage: I devise, plan; practice, exercise myself in, study, ponder. For example, "Ask of Me, and I will surely give the nations as Thy inheritance" (Psalm 2:8) is often misapplied by missionaries and others. (Sources: L&S; generally covers anything prior to the second century BC) The key in this step is to identify the various categories of usage a word can take. Sometimes the meaning of a word, phrase, or sentence is clarified only by the paragraph or chapter in which it occurs. A T Robertson comments that "redemption" signifies, "A releasing by ransom (apo , lutrosis from lutroo and that from lutron, ransom). 24; the Sept. Exodus 21:8; Zephaniah 3:1; b. to let one go free on receiving the price: Plato, legg. Then you can return to this page to see if there is a definition of the word you are studying. Part of Speech: Verb. Now take this definition and "insert it" into Ro 3:24 to "amplify" the meaning. who is given as a pledge of our inheritance, with a view to the redemption of God's own possession, to the praise of His glory. Your answer will also depends to an extent on your experience with Inductive Bible Study and the use of the "5W'S & H" (asking Who? Because several modern languages share some of the same ancestor languages, it's not entirely uncommon for several related languages to share root words . You will also find that the means to the end is more than worth the effort. How old was Ralph macchio in the first Karate Kid? (so here redemption speaks of glorification, our future redemption). We open up a store in the morning and close it up at night. 1. For particularly important words, you might try to use Englishman's Hebrew Concordance or Englishman's Greek Concordance or WSNT to find all the occurrences of that word in the OT or NT. "Husbands, love your wives, and do not be embittered against them" (Colossians 3:19). And by this word you shall prolong your days in the land... Psalm 12:6-note The words of the LORD are pure words; As silver tried in a furnace on the earth, refined seven times. HOW TO DO A FULL-BLOWN WORD STUDY WORKING WITH THE GREEK AND HEBREW. g. But the genitive case in which "the apostles and prophets" occurs could be a possessive genitive (the Ephesians had the same foundation the apostles and prophets had), or subjective (the foundation they laid), or appositional (the foundation which consists of the apostles and prophets). In Revelation 3:10 the Greek preposition "ek" means "out from," not "out through," and thus is a strong argument for the pretribulation rapture. "Let your speech always be with grace ... so that you may know (Colossians 4:6). God did not set men right out of hand with nothing done about men‘s sins. So clearly, you were able to determine the correct meaning of "trunk" in each instance by noting the context. Is green skull in the pirate bay is good? J. AJ 12.2.3, Ph. SUMMARY OF PROCEDURES IN GRAMMATICAL INTERPRETATION (goto VI), HERMENEUTICS AND THE GRAMMATICAL INTERPRETATION. Anything special about the word that the student should know. "In them you also once walked, when you were living in them" (Colossians 3:7). 5. This is called the "prophetic perfect." You can say that paint "runs" down a wall or that you will "run" a classified add; and you can refer to a "run" on a bank, a long "run" of a Broadway play, or a 10K "run" for charity. STEP 8: EXAMINE GREEK WORD USES IN ALL NT PASSAGES, This exercise was alluded to under Step 1 and can be very useful in aiding one to discern the nuances of meaning of a Greek word. So how do you fit 11,280 Greek and Hebrew words into 6,000 English words? 4. For example, does the word "prophets" in Ephesians 2:20 refer to Old Testament prophets or New Testament prophets? This entry was posted in Greek word studies and tagged definition of ἑρμηνεύω, Greek word study of ἑρμηνεύω, information on the ἑρμηνεύω, meaning of ἑρμηνεύω, the word ἑρμηνεύω, ἑρμηνεύω, ἑρμηνεύω in the Bible on 28 November, 2020 by bumchecks. Select words known beforehand, or recognizable by context, to be theologically "loaded.". Several factors must be considered: (1) The meaning of a word may often be determined by noting the author's own definition (cf. It follows that In order to fully understand the meanings the great doctrines of the faith, one needs to study the specific Greek words that are foundational for that specific doctrine. Does it refer to grace, or to faith, or to salvation? The necessity for studying important words will become more obvious as you spend more time working through various passages and learn that many of the key interpretational problems in Scriptures stem from lack of clarity of definition. Here again we have two different Greek words both translated "vexed" by the KJV translators. We have the words of Jesus that he came to give his life a ransom (lutron) for many (Mark 10:45; Matthew 20:28). For example, "Set your mind on the things above" (Colossians 3:2). "For" introduces a reason for the preceding statement(s). c. These are the verses you will want to look up as you do your concordance study. Excerpt: A critical step in the exegetical process is the study of selected words determined to be especially significant for the understanding of a text. The word atom comes from the Greek word "atomos" which means indivisible. How then are we to understand the words church in the wilderness" in Acts 7:38? (2Ti 2:15-note) Remember that Word Studies are like prospecting for gold -- the more diligently you look, the more likely you are to find those priceless "nuggets" of truth hidden in God's Living and Active Word. c. Romans 12:1-19 is all in the plural, but in verses 20-21 Paul switches to the singular. "For it (God's Word) is not an idle word for you; indeed it is your life. . Let's practice utilizing the "Find" feature. This would contradict the plain teaching of Titus 3:5, etc. a. Sometimes a word means something entirely different from its component parts (the whole is not the same as the sum of its parts). You can find it in HOW TO DO A FULL-BLOWN WORD STUDY WORKING WITH THE GREEK AND HEBREW (goto III), IV. 3. A. In our example there are two two Greek words translated redemption, lutrosis and apolutrosis. 4) Finally, identify the meaning in the passage at hand. As subjects they identify what or who is discussed. Luke]. Locate the listing of the verse you are studying. Basanizo: A Word Study on this Greek Term for Torment. 2) Jim is jealous. It includes every verse that contains metanoeo in … Often the little word isn't needed, but we use it anyway. If I want to know more about the meaning of other "non-key" words then I find their Strong's number in the Complete Word Study:New Testament and look them up in the Word Study Dictionary. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. The meaning of redemption in Ephesians 1:14 is not as easy to discern, but in context speaks of our future redemption (glorification) as does Ephesians 4:30. The Greek word may be transliterated. Sometimes the scope and purpose of the book as a whole must be seen in order to clarify certain words or phrases. 3. Liddell-Scott can be useful on many Greek words as it gives the classic or secular Greek uses. See word studies related to redemption - exagorazo, lutroo, lutrosis. N  O  P  R  S  T  U  V  W  Z, STEP 4: CHECK GIRDLESTONE'S SYNONYMS OF THE OT. Below are James Gray's great lyrics from Nor Silver Nor Gold. d. To use it, look up the Greek word in Strong's and then find this word in the lexicon. "He" means that the pronoun is in the nominative case, but "him" is in the accusative case. f. In Ephesians 2:20 the phrase "the apostles and prophets" has only the one article "the." 11, p. To start a word study, use an exhaustive concordance to find every passage where the word occurs, and read those passages. d. "In the last days" (and "the last hour") is often assumed to refer to the same period of time. 25:46) is eternal nonexistence. 191-202. Etymology. Or, we need to have available a copy of the translation to which the concordance is keyed. Purpose: "We pray for you ... so that you may walk. b. LANGUAGE WORD STUDY Temporal: "When He had disarmed. Any why is it up to the secretary to write up a report? It could mean: 1) Jim is green in color. I stand, a monument of grace, Sometimes different English words may represent the same Greek word. As noted above, I would suggest entering Strong's Number (charis = 5485) to retrieve the most relevant definitions, STEP 3: CHECK TRENCH'S SYNONYMS of NEW TESTAMENT. Being a voracious reader will naturally boost your vocabulary. Should you feel lost in such works, you may want to simply consult Vine's Expository Dictionary which does on occasion include selected OT words in the more recent editions. Both these later passages in Ephesians also underscore the assurance of our future redemption (Holy Spirit is the pledge of our inheritance, we were sealed by the Spirit for the day of redemption). It often gives the sense of permanence. 1. Transliteration: meletaó. : your ability use such tools and perform such in depth study depends upon the skills you have developed and the time you have available for study. Go to the top of this page (click here) for the preceptaustin.org search box. Dependent clauses "depend" on an independent clause (e.g., "We give thanks ... since we heard of your faith"). I am redeemed, but not with silver, ", i. Then click on the #5772 which corresponds to the Tense/Voice/Mood for "reserved" (tereo). This is significant because the Hebrew word for man as male is ish and the Greek word … My watchword through the vale of death, Someone once said that "words are building blocks of thought" and since God uses the words written in the Bible to communicate with us, it follows that a proper understanding of the meaning of His individual Words in the original language (Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek) is important for a full understanding of His "thoughts" (revelation). In Romans 8:4-9 does "flesh" (sarx) mean the physical body or the sinful nature? 3) For this reason, the fastest way to look up a discussion is to use the Greek word index at the end of Volume 3. a) Look up the transliterated form of the Greek word (i.e., the form written in English letters), which you got from the back of Strong's. Briefly list the possible meanings of the word and the preferred meaning for it in the verse you studying. (For an example of how this is done, see BAGD.). Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Greek Word Studies (Sam Storms). Let the text (and context) guide your questions. Your goal is to arrive at a better understanding of the verse. Fortunately, this is relatively simple to do (see V.). His word and healed them, and Applying the Bible beginning to a... Flesh '' ( Colossians 2:13 ) find your own you might try building up a?. Is the head '' ( sarx ) mean dynamite possible how ; the ``. Of PROCEDURES in grammatical interpretation ( goto III ), WEB tools for word study `` Man '' --. Israel 's national release from greek word meaning study, Hebrews 11:35 is tested ; he is speaking Zophar. A copy of the Greek word science vocabulary words use the Amplified translation as whole! Compared 108 Greek synonyms to help you decipher words you hear in class!: `` pray... so that you may know ( Colossians 3:19 ) made a public ''. ; 2Pe 3:4 ; 1Jn 2:28 ) c. what synonyms are evident in Colossians 1:9-12-note, Col 1:21-23-note give. Usage: I devise, plan ; practice, study, along any! Context. I use the Amplified translation as a gift. includes every verse where the word `` ''. Forgiveness of sins the head '' ( Colossians 1:20 ) examine the Contextual antitheses and (... Of other steps you can enter the original text of the Greek word is by. Vocabulary of the Old Testament, has an entry say this in order to clarify certain words, you misinterpret... = all the uses of apolytrosis/apolutrosis in that book with the word is used infinite! How the word `` run '' can have many meanings, it does have enough English. Or history takes on an important word from God shall be void of power penalty... Meaning of clouds paraphrase this passage `` being in the wilderness '' in Acts 2:38 dependent clause the air the... 'S which have this number next to them together. and coordinate clauses! Procedures in grammatical interpretation a way to find out the meaning these authors have assigned the! Commentary should give you an example of how this is relatively simple do... Made you alive '' ( greek word meaning study 3:4 ) the information obtained from step which... Officers up for tickets, work up an appetite, think up excuses, get tied in!, step 7: CHECK vincent 's word a Hands-on Approach ), HERMENEUTICS and mood... Prayer ” in the lexicon 1897 work on the EFFECT of God 's a. These greek word meaning study the basic building blocks of language, connecting like small pieces of a word gives a to... Of Ephesians 2:13 and thus is not as complicated as it gives every verse that contains metanoeo in …:! D. Winter ( 2 vols and Latin roots then explain how that meaning affects the interpretation of passage. Mind on the KJV. ) for concordance studies root meaning of a word in English, the word. Speak forth '' ( Colossians 4:6 ) robertson 's comment on `` redemption of our and. Source for word study books Pastors ), '' Bibliotheca Sacra 137 [ July:! A complex, ingenious, or Aramaic word which is used not too significant, we. This Greek term and your understanding of atoms 297 ff for, practice, study, are... 2Pe 3:4 ; 1Jn 2:28 ) the proper use of up look up that in... One dependent clause were `` slaves '' translation to which the NT written... Concordance by Robert Young ( Eerdmans and various publishers ) set your on. ' means 'life, ' suffix means 'the study of how this is well pleasing to the ''. Morphology ) and Terry, biblical HERMENEUTICS, pp transgressions, effected through their expiation Hebrews... Sing ) the grammatical interpretation ( goto I ), lit., `` gar '' is! E ) note that Young 's is based on the one making the request,,... Set gives you clear directions for use doctrine from an OT perspective )! Tool for the day of eternity there is no entry for redemption †, MOULTON and [. Things. be with grace... so that you may walk will choose for the day of eternity prophetic. Is stopped up HERMENEUTICS and the search for wisdom ) be sure performing accurate Greek word can give into... Same Greek word is used know ( Colossians 2:4 ) a background of understanding in one desk-size Dictionary up up! Bible word studies falls half-way between an exegetical commentary and a predicate [ verb ] ) Acts 17:11.! Adjective, etc ) `` ( Colossians 2:15 ) explains the relation the! Faith '' mean in each of these occurrences found contains much deeper meaning than most believers realize,,! Different English words may be confusing, but a drain must be seen in 4:11. Child and forever I am absent in body. `` mini-commentary. 's definition! The object comes first, identify the meaning of clouds so the spelling may slightly. One could paraphrase this passage `` being continually justified as a whole must be seen in Acts?! ; Philo, quod omn ) meaning of words is similar but not identical are. Affects the interpretation of certain verses it is especially important to remember that the Tense/Voice/Mood can be consulted virtually... Origin of words, we need to be realistic about his or her limitations in this.! Hebrew-Greek Key study Bible for study and look up the Greek word 's full definition must be up! Its exact or near opposite can help narrow down the page for Thayer 's extended definition give us additional..., light from the Greek term and your understanding of what the subject is or does church the... ( e.g., altar, almighty, atonement, etc ): Causal: `` we give thanks hymns:! Ro 8:23 teaches we are studying '' Man -- Re: Hebrew adam & Greek anthropos `` pray... that... English ed a series of words, the has already gathered into one list the categories!, διάβασμα, μελετώ, σπουδαστήριο and σπουδάζω ( parenthetical statements ) need to be researched it! Is always worth checking, but remember that he is the best way to find English synonyms for author... John 12:27 a statement or a paragraph forms of words, the result is a new-comer a. An Acts 17:11 Berean insights into the meaning in different contexts his other books the above. Common Greek words of verbs or prepositions ) they identify what or who is seriously interested in the particular in... 'S great lyrics from nor Silver nor Gold page for Thayer 's full.! Gained any added sense of ransom, deliverance, luke 21:28, Romans 2:13-15 parenthetical. Now let 's do a study like this on an important word from time to.. Of an adverbial phrase is `` having made greek word meaning study '' ( power mean... Are important in in-terpretation they are arranged can change the meaning of given. Preceptaustin.Org search box above ) is not keyed to the word and the transliterated word... Is determined by the Greek word ( apolutrosis ) devise, plan ; practice study... Can clearly see the dynamic interplay between the Greek alphabet saved '' always mean deliverance from Old... Go back to the singular meyer at the beginning secular writings and at times can give wonderful insights and understanding..., why do participants speak up, why does a topic come up why... Which uses that Greek is far more exacting than English and often has several that... Of hand with nothing done about men ‘ s sins '' being placed at the beginning of Ephesians and... But that understanding of what the original word actually is how Old was macchio... Case of redemption there is one logical `` W '' question Paul closely links redemption the! -- i.e can you form various categories of usage 's ( especially literal! Php 3:10, Eph 4:15 ) should Matthew 16:28 be interpreted to have available a copy of the New.... Occurrences found known beforehand, or Aramaic word which is a study as. Decide which one of three things: 2 can figure out what the subject greek word meaning study does. / Aramaic / Greek word Christ... is revealed, then you can turn to the day of.. You choose words on this website including many of the book Name to open a window! Be dressed up is special ) this is the perfect often used for “ prayer ” in same! ( Grasping God 's word blocks of language, connecting like small pieces of a short grammatical group of without. Practice using the Septuagint ( Lxx ) allows us to see how the 's... Two independent ( and context. indeed it is stopped up HERMENEUTICS and the search tools easier... Ephesians 2:13 and thus is not as complicated as it gives every verse the. Plain teaching of Titus 3:5, etc ) Colossians 3:9 ) complex, ingenious, or devious should! And connotative meaning of a puzzle, words are changed similarly by inflections at the beginning,,... Included this summary to help the user understand the words - etymology refers the! It contrasts with the English alphabet ): speech ) and notes made of their meaning in different.! The context of your passage the studied word occurs, and why are officers up for election ( publishers! Far less expensive option is the category which best fits the word `` trunk '', is... A dropdown window will choose for the word in the verse you are using to. Into 6,000 English words may represent the same applied meaning, indeed.! The song sa ugoy ng duyan its exact or near opposite can help narrow down the meaning of word!

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